Wadslin Frenelus https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9084-2548 Hui Peng


Due to the substantial need to continuously ensure safe excavations and sustainable operation of deep engineering structures, structural health monitoring based on remote sensing techniques has become a prominent research topic in this field. Indeed, throughout their lifetime, deep tunnels are usually exposed to many complex situations which inevitably affect their structural health. Therefore, appropriate and effective monitoring systems are required to provide real-time information that can be used as a true basis for efficient and timely decision-making. Since sensors are at the heart of any monitoring system, their selection and conception for deep rock tunnels necessitates special attention. This work identifies and describes relevant structural health problems of deep rock tunnels and the applicability of sensors employed in monitoring systems, based on in-depth searches performed on pertinent research. The outcomes and challenges of monitoring are discussed as well. Results show that over time, deep rock tunnels suffer several typical structural diseases namely degradation of the excavation damaged areas, corrosion of rock bolts and cable bolts, cracks, fractures and strains in secondary lining, groundwater leaks in secondary lining, convergence deformation and damage provoked by the triggering of fires. Various types of remote sensors are deployed to monitor such diseases. For deep rock tunnels, it is suggested to adopt comprehensive monitoring systems with adaptive and robust sensors for their reliable and long-lasting performance.


  1. Latest Oldest Top Comments


    Download data is not yet available.


    Structural Integrity and Durability of Structures

    How to Cite

    Frenelus, W., & Peng, H. (2023). Towards Long-Term Monitoring of the Structural Health of Deep Rock Tunnels with Remote Sensing Techniques. Frattura Ed Integrità Strutturale, 17(66), 56–87. https://doi.org/10.3221/IGF-ESIS.66.04