In the present paper, the influence of eutectic and intermetallic phases on cavitation resistance of Al-Si alloys was studied. In fact, Al-Si alloys are commonly used for the production of components, such as cylinders, pistons, pumps, valves and combustion chambers, which in service may incur in cavitation phenomenon. Samples of AlSi3, AlSi9 and AlSi9CuFe were characterized from the microstructural point of view. Hardness measurements were also performed. Subsequently, cavitation tests were carried out according to ASTM G32 standard and the erosion mechanism was examined by scanning electron microscope. It was found the both eutectic and intermetallic phases enhance cavitation resistance, expressed in terms of mass loss. Particularly, intermetallic particles with complex morphologies provide a positive contribution, exceeding that of other microstructural features, as grain size. The effect of T6 heat treatment was also evaluated. It was confirmed that the precipitation of fine strengthening particles in the Al matrix successfully hinders the movement of dislocations, resulting in a longer incubation stage and a lower mass loss for heat-treated samples in comparison with as-cast ones. Finally, the relationship between cavitation resistance and material hardness was investigated.
How to Cite
Authors are allowed to retain both the copyright and the publishing rights of their articles without restrictions.
Open Access Statement
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale (Fracture and Structural Integrity, F&SI) is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the DOAI definition of open access.
F&SI operates under the Creative Commons Licence Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0). This allows to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, to remix, transform and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but giving appropriate credit and providing a link to the license and indicating if changes were made.